A complex structure of bones, disks, muscles, tendons, and ligaments build up human back. Back pain may result from problems in any of these components. Back pain may be caused by strain from lifting something improperly or lifting something too heavy.
A muscle spasm arising out of abrupt or awkward movement may also cause pain in the back. Back pain may also result from structural problems of the components. The disks that cushion vertebras of our spine may get ruptured or displaced causing severe back pain.
In some cases, the pain is intense and travels through back and buttock towards the back of the leg when bulging disks put more pressure on nerves. This type of back pain is referred to as Sciatica or Scoliosis. Abnormal curvature of the spine may also cause back pain or scoliosis pain.
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This may happen from sleep disorders, improper mattress or conditions like scoliosis when spine curves to a side. Everyday activities or poor postures can also cause acute back pain.
Driving in a hunched position for prolonged hours, standing or bending down for long period and carrying heavy things improperly may cause back pain. In a large number of cases back pain may get resolved with home treatment, over the counter (OTC) painkiller drugs and rest.
Acute back pain comes in suddenly and persists for about three months. Chronic back pain develops over a longer period and associated with long term problems.
When home treatments and painkillers fail to provide relieve doctors may recommend physical therapy or surgery for extreme back pain cases. Complementary treatments like acupuncture, chiropractic practices, and osteopathy have proved highly effective for the treatment of all types of back pain.